to snoo-finity ... and beyond!
Welcome to brise's page.
Contributor score: 17
You can cross out Distal RTA because the urine pH is 5. In Distal RTA, urine pH becomes greater than 5.5 because a-IC cells can't secrete H+
SPin and SNout. Specificity in, sensitivity out.
Wouldn't that be more long term?
I think Epo would indicate Rcc or renal failure, she seems like she has "just" refractory HTN, and no other sx to indicate anemia.
She has Fibromuscular dysplasia which should be in your differential for a young female with hypertension ( along with Conns syndrome and pheochromocytoma). it typically causes stenosis and aneurism formation of the renal arteries leading to elevated renin.
The question is asking what point would be the most likely to rule in cancer, and high specificity when positive rules in cancer. The highest specificity value is A, bc the the X axis shows (1-specificity)!
brise is correct. Knowing the LR+ value = 10 does not help in this situation because estimating where "10" should fall on an axis is arbitrary.
The way to approach this Q is to know that a high specificity is will mean that a positive result is very very likely to be a true positive. In theory, suppose that the specificity was 0.99. This is 99% specificity. Then, you look at the graph. The X-axis is "1-specificity." So, suppose the best test has a specificity of 99%. Then, calculating 1-specificity = 1 - 0.99 = 0.1. You would then chose the datapoint that corresponds to having an "X-value" that is closest to the origin. In this problem, it corresponds to data point "A."
Patient has CHF from the S3 heart sound and has MR. You hear fine crackles in early congestive heart failure.
No Infection - normal temps ; Q-fever presents with A patient with exposure to waste from farm animals who develops:
a. nonspecific illness (myalgias, fatigue, fever [>10 days],
b. retroorbital headache)
c. normal leukocyte count
e. increased liver enzymes
It's talking about mutations on the transcription of genes that inhibit the cell division. Also RNA polymerase binds to the promoter region.
Also, the question specifically (though in a very wordy, convoluted way) asked what the effect of the mutation on transcription was. DNA pol is not used in transcription, it is used in replication. RNA pol is used in transcription. In terms of increased or decreased binding, argining is polar/positively charged and proline is neutral/nonpolar, so there are fewer H-bonding sites, and thus decreased binding of the RNA pol.
Could this convoluted question also mean..........
that since the gene to make p53 is messed up due to the hydrogen bonds, RNA polymerase will not be able to bind to make the mRNA ... So there will be cancer? Because P53 is a tumor suppressor... lemme know thanks guys