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 -1  (nbme22#32)
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I was beteewn hyloiaapemk (due to h)aderair nad euyhciyeeareccm/ahripplmria (nseic seawt is onhotycpi and olwdu esuca oyhstcopimre lmeovu )roncciottn.a I iddtn’ eahv a great way ot dcdeie nebetwe eeCpra/irhyeauprhcimy os I ugridef eyht waentd hyo.pK sI eerth a rbetet aoilntear for wyh het eyhpr aewnsrs era erc?otncir

liverdietrying  I think you over-thought this one a little bit with the hypercalcemia/hyperuricemia. Good fact to commit to memory: you lose bicarb in the stool (hence why diarrhea causes nonanion gap metabolic acidosis), and especially lose potassium with laxative abuse (as mentioned in the question stem). +2
w7er  Basically they are asking about electrolyte distrubance that cause collapse mainly due to hypokalemia from laxative abuse because diarreha cause hypokamlemia and also cause incrase in renin angiotensin sytem which will further cause hypokalemia resuling cardiocascular colapse :) +
hyperfukus  i thought the hyperuricemia thing too but i wasn't smart enough to think they wanted hypokalemia like u :( +1

 +5  (nbme22#6)
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I rfgiued eyht eerw tirygn to etg ta teh life npyacecxet fo an C,RB tub d’nwltuo euptnlsmepla 2O tyilanhcecl precela hte OC odbun ot ?sCRB AF enve ointesmn thta CO disnb cioeettplyimv to R,sCB dna i’tsn ahtt teh elwoh inopt of ginvgi 10bcy%r/pear0hi 2?O

nc1992  First aid has a lot of errors +
yotsubato  Thats not an error though. Thats the actual reason behind giving hyperbartic O2 for CO poisoning... +11
mumenrider4ever  The question ask how long it takes to remove all the CO-carrying RBC so I think they're implying that theoretically not every single CO-carrying RBC would be replaced with oxygen from the supplemental O2 and some would die off naturally +

 +3  (nbme22#7)
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Teher vaeh bnee a cpuelo fo nqtisesou uotba tihs ctpoi no het rewne emas.x v’eI eben enswrangi by ianuqetg blioid ot tttrsseenoeo vellse dan aortnlcnu cseeortin ot eahlth fo raasluvtcue ao(lhsoirtesresc ro )o.nt Is ihts trcec?ro

liverdietrying  When you’re thinking of libido, don’t just equate it to testosterone -- make sure you’re always considering depression! Depression following stroke is common, especially with residual physical disability, so this would decrease his libido. Nocturnal erections equate to “does it actually work?” not just the vasculature but the neural input as well. For example, during prostatectomy damage to the pelvic plexus (nerves) can lead to impotence. There’s nothing to suggest that he has vascular or neurologic erectile dysfunction here, which is why his nocturnal erections are intact. +28
_pusheen_  @liverdietrying Was it premature to assume he has trouble with erections because of neural damage from the stroke? I put low libido, low nocturnal erections. Is it because the stroke resulted in hemiparesis and not autonomic dysfunction or something like that? +5
liverdietrying  @pusheen Correct, you won’t classically get impotence after a hemiplegic stroke. His inability to achieve an erection is much more likely to be 2/2 psychosocial effects than organic disease. If this vignette instead said that this had gotten a prostatectomy with resulting damage to the pelvic nerves that allow for erection, then it’d be a more safe choice to put no nocturnal erections. +4
fast44  Is there a video or somewhere that explains these sexual dysfunctions? This seems to be a topic that keeps repeating on the new exams. +2
forerofore  well, i though that because he had a stroke he would be likely to have atherosclerosis, which would keep libido high and reduce nocturnal erections, i kinda ignored the whole "he´s depressed" part of the vignette despite understanding the mechanism well. but from a clinical depression point of view, if his arteries are intact, and he is depressed, then libido would be low, and erections present at night. +4
pg32  I can't remember exactly but I swear the question on NBME 21 the guy's wife had died as well...? Or they had gotten divorced? Either way, he had some psychological baggage as well, but his libido was still normal, and the explanation was that his testosterone would be fine regardless of his depressed mood. So I went with that logic here and missed this question. I don't understand how I am supposed to gauge someone's libido based on vague hints at their mood, especially when in one exam mood does not decrease libido and in the other it does. +1
drzed  @pg32 bro spoilers +2

 +0  (nbme22#29)
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CT sowhs sasm no het ftle edis of sih eonadmb dan yrueo’ ltod t’is tou.nstsenscipui kssA hcwhi aprt fo hte IG ttarc si smto yikell to easuc eht .apin I edemtiamliy loekdo rof oeliaeccl jtiuconn ... nto na renaws .ochiec yhW is eth wsnear umnjuej .s(v udud?en)mo

liverdietrying  The picture is key here. You’re right that ileocecal is most common, but ileo-ileal and jejuno-jejunal are the next most common (I think I might just know this from having done clerkships already, not sure). Ileo-ileal isn’t an answer, so that rules that out. Look at where the arrows are pointing in the picture as well. Its on the L, ruling out appendix and cecum. And the slice is not at the level of the duodenum, ruling out that answer. So by process of elimination based on the picture you could get this one too. +4
dr.xx  Duodeno-duodenal intussusception is a rare because of the retroperitoneal fixation of the duodenum. +1

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