to snoo-finity ... and beyond!
Welcome to kard's page.
Contributor score: 3
Mucus hypersecretion --> Induce airflow limitation in COPD
"potential risk factor for accelerated decline in lung function"
Cigarette smoke impairs both the phagocytic and respiratory burst function of neutrophils!
Macrophages-->activated by cigarette smoke extract to release inflammatory mediators
COPD--> alveolar macrophages and neutrophils are defective in their antimicrobial functions.
Macrophages from COPD patients--> show reduced phagocytic uptake of bacteria.
"Streptococcus pneumoniae and nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae"
I Hope This Helps...
Can someone explain why the other choices are incorrect?, Thanks
Agreed! It's along the lines of those marathon runners who collapse questions. Nothing but water for 24 hours = getting rid of too much sodium.
are we just going to ignore the diarrhea for 3 days? what is its significance
Temmy, We aint Ignoring the Diarrhea, Actually the most likely electrolytes to get lost with it is sodium> chloride> potassium> bicarbonate... Plus the Water intoxication -> HYPONATREMIA
I solve it like this: So age is 70 (already, nothing we can do to change it), is asking about a predictor of success in the Rehab process (So basically, what this patient did in matter of activity, life style, etc. to have a Good rehab process). So From all the answers the, Activity level is the most likely choice because of the, increase in Bone density(Specially Weigh bearing) and OsteoBlastic activity.
Agreed -- went with E. Coli like a dingus, just because I didn't associate DIC with S. Pneumo. Thought it was too easy.
Isn't E. Coli also an encapsulated organism? What makes Strep pneumo more likely in this question just because its the more common cause?
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is encapsulated as well. I think the right answer has to do with DIC but why?
The only reason i found was S. pneumo is more common, I went with Pseudomonas because of the "overwhelming sepsis" :(
Everyone is correct about the Encapsulated microbes, but this is one of those of "MOST LIKELY",
and by far the most likely is S.Pneumo>>H.infl>N.Mening. (omitting that patients with history of splenectomy must be vaccinated.