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Contributor score: 6
All the other answer choices make you come across as an asshole. Easy way to ace ethics questions is to just not be an asshole
I would be a bigger asshole when the family came I'n after I pulled the plug...opps...but the friend said
The patient has no wife, children, or close relatives...
@lispectedwumbologist this is going to be my technique, because I've gotten a couple of these wrong, but I completely agree with everyone else's sentiments of suspicion of going off what a friend said without any confirmation about state of advance directives, etc. It's really dumb.
I agree, I picked H1 because such a common complaint for those on TCAs is Sedation, I figure it might be so commonly seen as to be the "most common" reason for noncompliance. I suppose the "hot as a hare...etc" effects would be more severe/annoying, but I didn't think they were more common.
I just like to pretend that there's a reason this question is now in an NBME and no longer being used for the test. Hopefully they realized the idiocy of this question like we all do
Since it said cyclic, I thought of using, discontinuing, then using again. These people who write these questions need take some English writing courses so they can write with CLARITY. Cyclic is not the same as Tricyclic.
you're definitely not alone lol
And its not in FA, so fuck it IMO
I guessed it because the names sounded similar :D
I also guessed because both words start with "glu")))
same as person above me. also bc arginine carbamoyl phosphate and nag are all related through urea cycle.
Not a clue. This was so random.
if this isn't a globe rupture than idk what is tbh
the air in the center of the globe made me think rupture too .....
There may be some global rupture, but impairment of one of the ocular muscles causing diplopia would still be the best explanation for this patient's double vision.
Globe rupture leads to entrapment of the IR muscle which causes diplopia. The question is asking what is causing his visual complaints, which is diplopia, not loss of vision.
only if it's an interstitial lung disease i believe. like polio can cause a "restrictive lung disease" but it's due to muscle effort and would expect to see a decrease in diffusing capacity (FA 2018 pg 657.2)
Construction worker, Diffuse reticular opacities screamed restrictive and low DLCO for me. Anything that either adds fibrosis to alveoli, or thickens the diameter between alveoli and alveolar capillaries will cause low DLCO.
I agree that it's confusing but I looked at it as a physical *obstruction* since it's impinging on the airway.... but yeah idk this is weird
Doesn't the trachea have cartilage rings so it wouldn't collapse which makes it seem less like a typical obstructive disorder? I'm really not sure why FVC would change because I don't see how total lung capacity or residual volume would change because those are static conditions where there is no airflow at all. I understand FEV1, peak expiratory flow, peak inspiratory flow etc.
Agree this is a really tough Q but I also think I really over thought it... I eliminated all with a normal Ratio bc something obstructing would obviously produce an obstructive pattern although I don't know why FVC would be decreased. I wasn't sure about both peak expiratory and inspiration flow being decreased can someone help me with this or tell me I'm totally overthinking again.. are they both decreased simply bc theres an obstruction ..?
Yea I got confused on this question. But I guess they wanted us to look at it as a obstructive disease . If this were the case all of those function tests would dec. ( See FA )
Because the obstruction is above the alveolar regions there is a decrease in air flow, not lung volumes, which would make this an obstructive pathology.
FVC here dec same way it dec in Obstructive lung disease. Read the concept of Equal pressure point of BnB. There he says in bronchitis we have onstructive pattern because inflammed airways gen more resistance. so EPP comes early. I guess here due to tracheal narrowing pressure inc downstream. which collapses smaller airway. result in air trapping.