to snoo-finity ... and beyond!
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I think there are two questions with this answer!!I was so scared :(
yep ---not IL-2 bc that stimulates Tcells and NK cells- I think I blacked out when I answered this question
Depends on where the infarct is I guess? Crackles in lung base means increased left sided pressure and therefore PCWP. At least that's how I thought of it.
I would say because this happened between two bacteria, but in transduction what causes the acquisition of bacterial resistance is coming from a bacteriophage, which is a virus that infects bacteria, but that is never hinted at the question!
Quick Overview of the involved topics and answer choices that are relevant in this question:
Transduction: Involves phage, cleaves DNA and takes a part with it as it is packaged. Generalized is when is happens by accident. Specialized is an excision event.
Transformation: bacteria takes up naked DNA around it and incorporates it therefore becoming "transformed" e.g. (SHiN) S. Pneuma, H. Influenza type B, and Neisseria.
Transposition: Jumping from one location to another within same bacterial organism (e.g. from chromosome to plasmid)
Conjugation: Above mentioned plasmid gets transferred from conjugal bridge from one bacteria to another.
Easy here...first both are G-ves which likely have a sex pilus and if cultured together as in this case transfer their plasmid. Transduction need phage. Transposition is exchange of genetic material inside the bacteria b/n the dna and the plasmid or vv (FA2019)
So as far as I understand, you don’t really get a bulging, defined abdominal mass with fecal impaction. Much more likely to see this with a hernia.
Fecal impaction can be palpated in the abdomen, since it'd be accumulating in the rectum and colon, not the groin. Hope that helps!
a little late but they also mention that the mass had bowel sounds hence it was an incarcerated bowel! :)