to snoo-finity ... and beyond!
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You said it, they are "trying" to ask. Should use better grammar.
This is on first aid, and says that the promoter region is where RNApolymerase binds
Bcz I think vascular is the key thing here, whereas atypical lynphocytes would be more of EBV
you have to think about each child individually, doesn't matter what the siblings have. The question states what are the odds of the child getting the disease. So regardless of the other siblings it still is Mom (1/2) dad (1/2) which makes it 1/4 AR
But how do we know that the parents are heterozygous for the mutation
There was a question about this in Uworld. for *stubborn* patients who are "not ready to quit" just yet you use the motivational approach. The technique acronym is OARS: Open ended questions, Affirmation, Reflect, Summarize.
Additionally the guy himself says "I know smoking is bad for me" Like he knows its bad, he doesnt care, but give him nicotine replacement and maybe he'll quit...
I didn't think nicotine replacement was a good answer choice b/c if he isn't ready to quit then why would he agree to use alternatives.
People who smoke and are addicted like the feel of the cigs and environmental ques. Using replacements would be more challenging. The second best answer choice would have been Rx.
why not detail the long-therm health effects of smoking?
Superior rectal comes from the inferior mesenteric vein which comes from the splenic vein --> portal veins
Thus, this dude had cirrhosis so it would "back-up" into the superior rectal vein.
FA 2018: p360
Superior rectal not superior mesenteric. Took me a minute
ugh am i ever gonna get these right EVER
why not the inferior mesenteric, since the superior rectal drains there
@titanesxvi think it is because question says direct which is why superior rectal
thomasburton, so are they asking what vessels do internal hemorrhoids directly drain into? The order is Superior rectal vein--> Inferior mesenteric vein--> portal vein.
Yes exactly, so they do eventually reach IMV but not 'directly'
pg. 47 on FA got the good visuals!
COPII* proteins are needed to coat vesicles from the RER to Golgi. "Two(COPII) steps forward; one(COPI) step back."
Anterograde goes RER -> Golgi -> Lysosomes/Secretory Vesicles -> Plasma membrane
why not small lysosomes?
and I thought large lysosomes due to lack of enzymes to degrade