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free120/Block 2/Question#22

A placebo-controlled clinical trial is conducted to ...

Significant findings can be reported with greater confidence

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submitted by anu(2),

why is option D ) there is an increased likelihood of statistically significant findings... wrong ?

The alpha-value corresponds to the p-value we will accept as significant and reflects the likelihood of a type I error (a false positive). A lower alpha-value means a lower acceptable likelihood of obtaining the same results by chance, and thus, significant results can be reported more confidently (a 1% false positive rate instead of a 5% rate).