yotsubatoHere we thank FA for failing us yet again. Giving us PKD1, but not polycystin. I got the question right but I just guessed it because nothing else made sense. +32019-06-14T20:07:14Z
usmleuser007Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease
1) occurs in patients with mutations in the gene (PKD1) encoding polycystin-1 (PC1).
2) PC1 is a complex polytopic membrane protein expressed in cilia that undergoes autoproteolytic cleavage at a G protein–coupled receptor proteolytic site (GPS).
3) A quarter of PKD1 mutations are missense variants, though it is not clear how these mutations promote disease.
4) GPS cleavage is required for PC1 trafficking to cilia.
5) A common feature among a subset of pathogenic missense mutations is a resulting failure of PC1 to traffic to cilia regardless of GPS cleavage.
6) Missense mutation in the gene encoding polycystin-2 (PC2) that prevented this protein from properly trafficking to cilia. +12019-06-18T16:42:50Z